Cold and Flu Symptoms
Cold and flu symptoms, coughs and nasal congestion can all leave you feeling miserable, making everyday tasks seem impossible. Whichever you’re suffering from, identifying the symptoms can help you choose the right Demazin product to get you feeling better faster. Whether it’s a dry cough, head cold or a runny nose, find out what your symptoms mean and how to get relief.
You know the feeling. You wake up with a dripping nose and your head is in a fog; by lunch time you’ve started coughing and sneezing. To make matters worse, the beginnings of a headache is starting to settle in. Head cold symptoms have the power to make you feel truly dreadful, disrupting the plans you had made for that day.
Colds are an upper respiratory tract infection that affects the nose, throat and upper airways.1 The infection responsible for head colds can lead to a runny nose that drips like a tap or a stuffy, blocked nose. You may experience a pounding headache, as well as coughing, sneezing, and a sore throat.
If you’re an adult you might suffer from the symptoms of a cold 2-4 times a year, but your children could experience a cold up to 10 times annually.2
Cold and flu symptoms can be hard to tell apart. This is because many of the symptoms of the flu are similar to those of a cold. The flu is also known as “influenza” and, like a cold, affects your nose and throat but, unlike a cold, can also sometimes affect your lungs.1
Just as with a cold, you might find yourself suffering from symptoms such as a blocked or runny nose, sore throat or headache. Unlike a cold, however, you may also experience a dry chesty cough.2 Muscle and joint pain, as well as tiredness and fatigue2 could make it feel like it’s impossible to get out of bed, let alone leave the house.
Where a cold typically begins with a runny nose, the flu is more likely to start with a dry sensation in the throat and nose.3
Although irritating, coughing is your body’s way of expelling foreign material or excess mucus that may be present in the upper airway passages and lungs. Coughing can also occur as a reaction to irritation. Whatever the cause, persistent coughing can disrupt both your day and night.
Typically coughing can be separated into two categories. You’re either suffering from a dry cough, also known as an unproductive cough, or a chesty cough. A persistent dry cough generally feels dry and annoyingly tickly. Conversely, a chesty cough is known as wet because it expels mucus from the lungs; it is also referred to as a productive cough.
If your cough persists for several weeks you may require advice from your healthcare professional.
The air-filled spaces connected to your nasal passages are called sinuses. Congestion and pressure can build in these sinuses when nasal passageways are blocked. This can leave your head feeling heavy and uncomfortable as you struggle to draw breath.
Nasal congestion may be an unpleasant symptom of head colds and flus, but also has many other causes including a sinus infection or hay fever and allergies.4
- Healthdirect Australia. Colds and Flu Fact Sheet. http://www.healthdirect.gov.au/colds-and-flu [accessed 10/04/2015]
- NPS Medicinewise. Common Cold Fact Sheet. http://www.nps.org.au/conditions/respiratory-problems/respiratory-tract-infections/for-individuals/conditions/common-cold [accessed 10/04/2015]
- Better Health Channel. Flu Fact Sheet. http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Flu_influenza?open [accessed 10/04/2015]
- Mercola.com. The Hidden Perpetrator of Sinus Infections - Found in 96% of Mayo Study Participants. http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2012/03/12/cool-and-less-humid-air-decrease-nasal-congestion.aspx [accessed 13/04/2015]